To be in the zone is an accepted concept in modern sports psychology that dates from the late 1970s. It is not known who coined the expression but Ted Williams, a famous baseball player, and Arthur Ashe, the tennis player, are both claimants according to their biographers. These claims, however, have not been proven. Being in the zone is a heightened state of consciousness and determination to perform at one’s maximum ability. Sports psychologists have identified the following characteristics of being in the zone, across a variety of different sports: clear goals and instant feedback assimilation, balance between challenges and skills, action and awareness merged, extreme concentration and control, loss of self-consciousness and altered sense of time together with self-rewarding experience. There you are. Next time you hear that a sports person is in the zone; he or she is apparently performing all or some of the foregoing functions at the same time.