Derby / Local Derby
Since about 1840, a derby is any team sport between rivals from the same city, town, or district. The first citation for 'local derby' appears to be in a soccer context from the British newspaper, The Daily Express, in 1914, when it described a match between Liverpool and Everton as a 'local derby'. Both usages, 'derby' and 'local derby' derive their meaning from the Epsom Derby, Britain's premier horserace, which was named after, and founded by, the 12th Earl of Derby in 1780. Because the Epsom Derby became Britain's biggest sporting event during the 19th century, the name 'derby' was applied to many sporting events outside of horse racing. These days, however, most derby matches appear to be soccer matches. Derby is also short for Derby hat, the American version of the British Bowler hat, a stiff rounded hat with a narrow brim that dates from the late 19th century.